Type 2 Diabetes can cause nerve damage, heart disease and other health risks. Diabetics have to monitor blood glucose to avoid kidney and eye damage.

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Health Complications Associated with Type 2 Diabetes


(DECEMBER 2013) In most instances, a type 2 diabetes diagnosis can be managed with proper diet and nutrition, as well as following medical advice from your doctor of course. With proper care, diabetes doesn’t have to derail everyday activities.

When you don’t adequately take care of yourself or pay close enough attention to your type 2 diabetes, however, several long-term complications can arise. Here are a few potential complications you might experience if you don’t monitor your blood sugar levels and take proper care of your body.

Nerve damage

Excess sugar can damage the capillaries that provide nourishment to your nerves, which can result in tingling, numbness or even pain. These symptoms usually start in the extremities, such as fingers or toes, and then extend to other parts of the body, which will potentially cause lost sensation in the affected areas.

Heart and blood vessel disease

Diabetes can put you at high risk for cardiovascular problems. According to the American Heart Association, the death rate for heart disease is two to four times higher for people with diabetes. Stroke is a related concern. It’s important to learn the warning signs of stroke.

Kidney and eye damage

Diabetes cripples the filtering system in the kidneys, leading to kidney disease or even kidney failure. Diabetes also damages blood vessels in the eyes, which can potentially lead to blindness.

Increased risk of osteoporosis and Alzheimer’s

Diabetes reduces bone mineral density, which leads to frail bones. Type 2 diabetes is also associated with an increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s, although the cause of the complications is unclear.

With so many potential complications, it’s important for people with diabetes to wear medical alert jewelry as a means of communicating their health conditions to first responders in case of emergency.